Arabica vs Robusta: What’s the Difference?

There are a lot of coffee varieties in the world, but only two are generally considered in our daily coffee-drinking life: arabica and robusta. But what’s the difference between these two types?

Arabica and robusta are two different species with different tastes, shapes, growing conditions, acidity and price.

Let’s dissect it in this table:

Arabica Robusta
Taste Generally sweeter, with notes of fruit, sugar and berries Stronger taste, with notes of grain and nuts
Shape Oval, larger size Rounder, smaller size
Growing Condition ·       Grown in subtropical climates at high altitudes (600-2,000 metres above sea level)

·       More vulnerable to pest attacks and weather conditions

·       Grown at low altitudes

·       Less vulnerable to pest attacks and weather conditions

·       Yields more crops than arabica

Acidity and Caffeine Levels Contains 1.5 per cent caffeine and 5.5-8 per cent chlorogenic acid Contains 2.7 per cent caffeine and 7-10 per cent chlorogenic acid
Price Due to vulnerability to weather conditions, arabica coffee tends to cost more Costs less – many cheap instant coffee brands used robusta

 

It should be noted that this does not mean robusta is inferior than arabica. Again, it depends on your personal preference and consideration as the coffee drinker – be it in the caffeine level, the taste, or the price.

So, which one will you be having today?